A Migration Policy Institute report shows that immigrants, particularly men and youth, have been disproportionately hit by the global economic crisis that began in fall 2008 and now confront a reality of dwindling budgets for public services and immigrant integration programs, this report prepared for the BBC World Service reveals. The report, which has a particular focus on five North Atlantic countries—Germany, Ireland, Spain, the United Kingdom, and United States—finds that the unemployment gap between immigrant and native workers has widened in many places. It offers analysis of a number of trends, including the fact that some immigrant-destination countries that historically have been countries of emigration such as Ireland, Greece, and Portugal, may be reverting to earlier trends.
Overall immigration to developed countries has slowed sharply as a result of the economic crisis, bringing to a virtual halt the rapid growth in foreign-born populations over the past three decades. The number of foreign workers caught attempting to enter illegally at EU maritime borders fell by over 40 percent from 2008, 2009, and 2010, while apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico border since 2007 have declined by almost the same magnitude.